الثلاثاء، 8 مارس، 2011

دروس اللغة الانجليزية ثانية باك

1- simple present
اليوم اقدم لكم شرح بتفاصيل دروس اللغة الانجليزية بسم الله و عليه نتوكل

definition

the S.present is a short action on present

يعني هي حركة قصيرة تقع في حاضر

REM:sj+verb(s.p)

key words:sj+sometimes_often_urually_always...+verb

EX: I always get up early

بنسبة لسؤال نطرحه على هذه القاعدة

how often+do/does+sj+verb

EX:you don't always get up early

key words: sj+presently+verb

EX: the doctors presntly try to find a cure of cancer

بنسبة لسؤال

when do they try to find a cure of cancer

key words: sj+ever_never+verb

EX: you never watche film

سؤال يطرح على هذا شكل

does he ever watche film

مثال اخرى

EX: i ever drive quickly

بنسبة لسؤال

do you drive quickly

key words: every..once a..twice a

و تكون في بداية الجملة او نهايتها

بنسبة لطرح سؤال يكون على شكل تالي

how often+do/does+sj+verb

Collocations
Oxford
Collocations Dictionary ESL defines a collocation as the way words
combine in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and
writing.The use of collocations makes students sentences more natural
and native speaker- like.

Collocations are formed as follows:


Parts Of Speech Examples
adjective + noun effecient administration/enjoyable passtime/endless patience
quantifier + noun a dozen of eggs/hundreds of people/a bar of chocolate
verb + noun have, meet with,cause , prevent , survive an accident
noun + verb poison kills/war started/the wind blows
noun + noun passport photo/discourse analysis/blood donation
preposition + noun By the dinner time/Under guarantee
adverb + verb listen attentively/play well/agree heartily/alter substantially
noun + preposition fruits from the farm/teacher of english
verb + verb want to live/like to drink
verb + adjective keep fit/stay healthy/sound logical
adverb + adjective extremely cold/utterly beautiful
adjective + preposition keen to/fond of/good at


These
pages will provide the Second year Bac students with the appropriate
collocations they need to write a natural and standard essay.


Passive Voice
Forming The Passive




Active:(a)The driver helped the injured woman.
Passive:(b)The injured woman was helped by the driver.
In the passive,the object of an active verb
becomes the subject of the passive verb:the driver
in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb
in (b
Active:(a)The man decided against a plea bargain.
Passive:(b)none
Only transitive verbs (verbs than can be followed by an object) are
used in the passive;we can't use intransitive verbs sch as
decide,refuse,complain,fall,happen,sleep,come,seem etc..in the passive
voice.

Form of the passive:be+past participle
Active Passive
Simple present:the cat eats the meat. The meat is eaten by the cat
Present continous:the cat is eating the meat. The meat is being eaten by the cat
Present Perfect:the cat has eaten the meat. The meat has been eaten by the cat
Futre Simple:the cat will eat the meat. The meat will be eaten by the cat
be going to:the cat is going to eat the meat. The meat is going to be eaten by the cat
Furure Perfect:the cat will have eaten the meat. The meat will have been eaten by the cat
Simple past:the cat ate the meat. The meat was eaten by the cat
Past Progressive:the cat was eating the meat. The meat was being eaten by the cat
Past Perfect:the cat had eaten the meat. The meat had been eaten by the cat

Conditional

Third conditional/Conditional Type III


Conditional Type III is used to express conditions in the past that
didn't happen and can never be fulfilled.It is often used to express
regret or criticism.
Like the other conditionals, a third conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause.
Form[center]

(IF Clause)

(Main Clause)

If I had saved my money,

I would have built a house.

If I had worked harder,

I could have passed my exam.

If Aicha hadn’t been raped,

She shouldn’t have fled her village.


Or...


(Main Clause)

(IF Clause)

I would have escaped

if she had warned me.

Barcelona could have won the match

if Etoo had returned to full fitness.

He should have played against Real

if he had resumed team training .


Wish/If Only


Wish/If only are used to express regret,wanting change or complaint.
The table below lists the changes that occur when we use wish/If only :
TensesChange
Simple PresentSimple past
Simple PastPast Perfect
WillWould
canCould
mayMight
is/arewas/were
was/werehad been
have/hashad
hadhad had
mustmust or had to

Examples:
I am sorry i was rude to you.I wish hadn't been rude to you.
He is shy and clumsy.The teacher wishes he wasn't shy and clumsy.

Future Perfect

Future Perfect


FORM :


[will have + past participle]
The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur
before another action in the future. It can also state that something
will happen before a specific time in the future.
Examples:
  • By next June, I will have passed my bac exam.
  • Students will have finished this test before it rings.
  • Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?
  • In three years, oil prices will have gone higher.
  • How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 50?



Future Perfect Progressive



Future Perfect Progressive empasizes the duration of
an activity that wil be in progress before another time or event in the
future.

Form:[will have +verb+ing]
  • By a few years time,The new AR games will have allowed us to enter
    a new,fully three-dimentional and photorealistic world for hours.
  • She will have been thanking her by now for her urgent help.
  • I am sure he will have been telling his father about your insane mistakes for the moment.
  • she will have been hiding the money box under her bed by the time she leaves her house.
  • TOP services for lingual therapy will have shortly been
    opening their new Laboratory and Office facility for 8 hours a day by
    March 15th

  • past perfect

  • FORM


    [had + past participle]
    Examples:
    • She had learnt Japanese before she moved to Japan.
    • Had he seen his uncle when he came back?
    • By 1970,he hadn't graduated from the niversity.

    • The past perfect expresses an activity that was completed before another activity or time in the past.
    • Examples:
    • She had cleaned the house before her husband came back.
    • By the time he was 42,he had taught for 20 years.
    • As soon as he had graduated from university,he got employed in a company.
    • They were arrested because they had demonstrated in the street.
    • She wishes she hadn't been divorced.
    • After her neighbour raped her,she suicided.

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